Nation-Building in Africa: The Reality, Challenges and Prospects by Dr. Sule Bello
April 24, 2018
Nigerian Diaspora and Nation Building by Christian C Udechukwu
April 30, 2018

It is our pleasure to share the second Call for Contributions for the Journal of Nation-building and Policy Studies, Volume 2 Number 1 (July 2018). The Journal is a bi-annual peer-reviewed academic and policy-oriented periodical of the ROGAN Leadership Foundation (RLF). The Journal is designed to deepen critical thinking and publish quality academic and policy-oriented work with depth of research across disciplines relating to the crucial issues on nation-building and public policy, with particular focus on Nigeria. We also welcome comparative studies that provide insight into nation-building and successful policy that strengthen the process.


There have been significant events in the continent that raise questions and bring to our consciousness certain underlying cleavages of nation building. In West Africa there is a build up to election fever as Sierra Leone’s recently concluded elections led to changes in power, and also stands as a case for use in the use of block-chain voting system. Nigeria is preparing for elections in 2019, it is time to consider how the country can move away from the rhetoric of ethnic-religious-party biases in its campaigns; discuss questions about how to prevent and manage election-related violence, and enhance inclusiveness of all citizens in the electoral process. This topic raises interesting questions about how Nigerians decide what is best for them as citizens and as a nation.


This call therefore has a thematic focus on democratisation, particularly democratic values, electoral processes and systems in African countries. Specific focus areas to serve as a guide includes:

i. Conceptual and theoretical discussions on nation-building

ii. Democratisation in Africa and nation-building

iii. Governance, political leadership and nation-building

iv. Elections, conflict and nation-building

v. Voting systems and nation-building

vi. Use of IT and other electronic tools for voting and nation-building

vii. International Institutions in election monitoring and nation-building

viii. Comparative studies on elections and nation-building

ix. Constitutional development and nation-building

x. Democratic values and nation-building

xi. Democratic consolidation, development and nation-building

xii. Civil society, election monitoring and nation-building

In this call we particularly welcome policy papers from practitioners and academics within the thematic areas. Please see the submission guidelines for details of the requirements and format. We would be obliged if you would consider making a submission and/or disseminate this to your respective networks.

Deadline: 23rd June 2018

Word count for articles: 4,000-6,000 words

Word count for policy papers: 2,500 – 3,500 words

Referencing style: Harvard Style, see Submission guidelines

For submission please send completed papers to:, cc:


There are no submission or publication fees.

 Submitting Papers 

Authors are required to submit original papers, that is, papers submitted should not have been previously published or be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. All papers are refereed through a double blind process.


You may send an electronic copy of your paper (MS Word file attached to an e-mail)




The Reviewing Process

The editor reviews each paper, if it is judged suitable for this journal, it is then sent to two referees for double blind peer review. Based on their recommendations, the editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as it is, revised or rejected. In order to facilitate processing of submissions, please make sure that you:


  1. Attach a cover page with title of the manuscript, the author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s), including email address.
  2. Include only the title page on the first page of the manuscript in order to maintain anonymity.
  3. Include an abstract of not more than 150 words.
  4.  Produce the manuscript—including abstract, quotations, tabular material, notes, and references – in a double-spaced format, allowing a one-inch margin on all sides.
  5. Type all tables, using a standard word processing programme, on separate pages, numbered consecutively, with brief descriptive titles. Place them at the end of the manuscript after the references.
  6. Refer to all illustrations and charts as Figures within the text. They should, however, be presented in a similar way as Tables above, that is in separate pages at the end of the manuscript, with consecutive numbers and brief descriptive titles.
  7. Keep notes at a minimum.
  8. Use three descending levels of headings consistently throughout the paper.  They should be descriptive but brief. Numbers may be used to identify levels of headings.
  9. References to other publications should be complete and should contain full bibliographical details. For multiple citations in the same year use a, b, c immediately following the year of publication. References should be shown within the text by giving the author’s last name followed by a comma and year of publication all in round brackets, e.g. (Kuada, 1994).

The following examples illustrate the style of referencing used in the journal:

(a) Books:
Surname, initials and year of publication, title, publisher, place of publication, e.g. Kuada, J. (1994), Managerial Behaviour in Ghana and Kenya – A Cultural Perspective, Aalborg University Press, Aalborg. Please, note that the title of books must be in italics.

(b) Chapter in edited book: 

surname, initials and year, “title”, editor’s surname, initials, title, publisher, place, pages, e.g. Whitley, R. (2001), “Developing Capitalism: The Comparative Analysis of Emerging Business Systems” in Jacobsen, G. and Torp, J.E. (Eds.) Understanding Business Systems in Developing Countries, Sage New Delhi. pp: 25-41. Please, note that the title of the book must be in italics.

(c)  Articles:
Surname, initials, year “title”, journal, volume, number, pages, e.g. Kuada, J. (2002), “Collaboration between developed and developing country-based firms: Danish-Ghanaian experience” Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing Vol. 17 No. 6 pp: 538-557. Please, note that the title of the journal must be in italics. If there is more than one author to a paper, please list all authors with their surnames followed by initials.

  1. Authors will receive a PDF copy of the issue in which their article appears.
  2. Authors should submit ONLY ONE copy of their manuscripts with all Author Details and affiliations in a cover page within the manuscript (i.e. FIRST PAGE).
  3. Authors should also insert all Tables and Figures within the next text to where they are cited.



A policy paper is a research piece focusing on a specific policy issue that provides clear recommendations for policy makers. It is separated from a theory-relevant research paper by its use of present or future vice past tenses and the practicality of its “bottom line”. A policy paper must be thoroughly researched and for the purpose of publication in the journal, be accompanied by references. The scholarly requirements for attribution and documentation on a policy paper are the same as for a research paper. Policy briefs are the preferred form of communication favoured by policy actors. 79% of policy actors from both developing and developed countries rated policy briefs as a ‘key tool’.[2]


A policy paper is written to address a research question, which can then feed into the making of new policy, repealing of or the modification of an existing one. A policy paper is written for a particular audience – the policy-makers. The paper might be addressed, therefore, to governmental institutions (federal, state and local government for instance), a development international organisation (the World Bank), an NGO (local, national or international).



A good policy paper will have the following parts

  • An Executive Summary
  • The introduction sets out the reasons for the paper and its scope. Keep it short and to the point. This section frames the issue.
  • The problem statement may come at the end of the introduction. It concisely identifies the problem to be solved.  It may be in the form of a question.
  • The various sections should include the following:
  • a brief mapping of the existing literature
  • an overview of the already existing policy framework – this could be an analysis of the dominant discourses that are used in policy formulation.
  • the need for revising the existing policy framework (remember that you have to persuade the policy makers that the current policy framework is not working or is need of further development). Consider positive and negative externalities. You should be sensitive to the options’ domestic political repercussions.
  • Enumerate the options and describe them briefly. It is common to provide three options, but don’t force it to that.
  • The recommendations should select the best option and recapitulate why it is the best. Does the recommendation solve the problem; is it actionable? Your recommendation should ideally be a stand alone, and not require another iteration of the process to figure out how to implement it. It should consider:
  • the recommended (new) policy framework and the reasons for the particular recommendations.
  • the existing operational approaches
  • institutional mechanisms, systems of evaluating policy effectiveness
  • the line of responsibility for implementing policy and the resource implications for the changes suggested (again, anticipate the questions that you might be asked by those who are satisfied with the existing policy framework).
  • A conclusion


Occasionally, the policy paper format is used more loosely than shown above.




  1. Ethics Policy: The publication of an article in the Journal of Nation-building and Policy Studies is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and their respective institutional affiliations. Peer-reviewed articles the need to be minimum standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing: notably the author(s), journal editor, peer reviewer(s), publisher and the wider society amongst other stakeholders. Manuscripts in breach of these thresholds would be subject to retraction even after publication. JoNPS’ ethical policy follows the guidelines of COPE (committee of publication ethics). We are particular in instances of unethical submission practices on the part of authors (see section 1.1); breach of publishing agreement (section 1.2); and any conflict of interest on the part of both authors and reviewers (section 1.3)


1.1 Submission Policy: Submission of an article implies that it has not been previously published (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis); is not under consideration for publication elsewhere (i.e. multiple submissions); its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out; and, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck or alternative tools.


1.2 Journal Publishing Agreement and Copyrights: Upon acceptance of a manuscript, authors will be asked to complete a return a signed Journal Publishing Agreement. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with the attached Journal Publishing Agreement. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for any distribution outside the institution, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.


1.3 Declaration of interest: All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organisations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. Failure to comply with these terms and conditions may result in a retraction (see section 2).


  1. Retraction/ Correction Policy: Authors are expected to carefully the list and order of author prior to any manuscript submissions, and provide to provide a list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any additions, deletion or rearrangement of authorship should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request any such changes, the Editor must receive, from the corresponding author, clear justifications for: (a) the reason for the change in author list, and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.



The journal applies a 1-year waiting period from the date of publication when the article may not be shared for free on open access forums, such as ResearchGate,, and so on. For further clarifications, please contact the journal Editor.


  1. ARCHIVING POLICY: In the unlikely event that JoNPS ceases publishing, all previous volumes and issues would be archived by Sabinet.


[1] Various sources including: Laura Ffrench-Constant “How to plan, write and communicate an effective policy brief: three steps to success”; Ali G. Scotten (2011), “Writing effective policy papers: translating academic knowledge into policy solutions” ‘ Warwick University, PaIS MA Students guide (2007) “How to write a policy paper and what not to do”; Adapted from Joseph J. Collins, October 1993.

[2] Jones & Walsh 2008: 3

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